The Long Island Rail Road is both the largest commuter railroad and the oldest railroad in America operating under its original name. Chartered in 1834, it extends from three major New York City terminals – Penn Station, Flatbush Avenue, and Hunterspoint Avenue – through a major transfer hub at Jamaica to the easternmost tip of Long Island.
Traditionally serving a Manhattan-bound market, the LIRR has undertaken extensive efforts to augment its reverse-commute and off-peak service to meet the needs of businesses in Nassau and Suffolk counties.
The railroad has replaced many of its oldest electric cars with state-of-the-art M-7 rail cars and has modernized its entire diesel fleet with new locomotives, bi-level coaches, and "dual-mode” locomotives that operate in both diesel and electrified territory, enabling many customers to travel between Long Island and Manhattan without changing trains.
Through the Capital Program, the railroad has restored Jamaica Station in Queens, the transfer point for the AirTrain to JFK Airport, and the Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. Ongoing capital projects include LIRR East Side Access to Grand Central Terminal and expansion of the Main Line.
MTA Long Island Rail Road at a Glance
Financial data from MTA 2018 Adopted Budget, Feb. 2018. Statistical data based on final estimates for the year ending Dec. 31, 2017. Employees based on authorized positions.
- 2018 operating budget: $1.6 billion
- Annual ridership: 89,400,000
- Average weekday ridership: 311,100
- Rail lines: 11
- Rail cars: 1,151
- Track miles: 594
- Rail stations: 124
- Employees: 7,725